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 Distance Learning Bibliography
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Bibliography

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Garrison, D.R., Anderson, T., & Archer, W. (2000). Critical Thinking in a text-based
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Garrison, D.R., Anderson, T., & Archer, W. (2001). Critical Thinking, Cognitive,
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Gunawardena, C.N., Lowe, C.A., & Anderson, T. (1997). Analysis of a Global Online
Debate and the Development of an Interaction Analysis Mode for Examining Social Construction of Knowledge in Computer Conferencing, Journal of Educational Computing Research, 17(4), 397-431.

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Gunawardena, C.N., & Zittle, F.J. (1997). Social presence as a predictor of satisfaction
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Haythornthwaite, C., Kazmer, M., Robins, J., & Shoemaker, S. (2000). Community
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Kilpatrick, S.I., Barrett, M.S., & Jones, T. A. (2003). Defining learning communities.  
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Lapadat, J. C. (2001). Online interaction: A discourse analysis of a graduate level
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Lapadat, J.C. (2002). Written interaction: a key component in online learning. JCMC
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Levin, B.B. (1999). Analysis of the content and purpose of four different kinds of
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Lobry de Bruyn, L. A. (2003). Online communication in dPBL: Can threaded discussion
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Lowes, S., Lin, P., & Wang, Y. (2006). Studying the effectiveness of the discussion
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Massolini, M., & Maddison, S. (2003). Sage, guide or ghost? The effects of instructor
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McKenzie, W., & Murphy, D. (2000). “I hope this goes somewhere”: Evaluation of an
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Palloff, R. M. & Pratt, K. (1999). Building learning communities in cyberspace: Effective
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Paulsen, M.F. (2000). Online education: An international analysis of Web-based
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Pawan, P., Paulus, T.M., Yalcin, S., & Change, C.-F. (2003). Online learning: Pattern of
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Pena-Shaff, J., & Nicholls, C. (2004). Analyzing student interactions and meaning
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